Posts Tagged ‘History Vault’

ProQuest 最新推出数字馆藏,为研究20世纪美国的学者带来福音

Jane Jiang | 译

history-vault-codie2015ProQuest 通过对宝贵的原始史料进行数字化来扩大历史库(History Vault)的内容,旨在帮助研究人员对20世纪大事件、以及促使那些事件发生的人物的研究,以提高研究成果。三个新增模块提供对数字化原始文献的访问,包括20世纪黑人争取自由的斗争(联邦政府纪录补充);新政和第二次世界大战(富兰克林·罗斯福总统办公室文件和联邦机构记录)来源于战略服务办公室的战时重要情报工作(OSS-国务院情报和研究报告,1941年至1961年)。历史库是 ProQuest数字化扩展计划的一部分,目的是为了帮助学生和学者,以事实为依据,从多样化的个人观点去探索历史

新模块的主要内容包括:

  • 福特和里根总统任期内公民权利记录,揭示1975年以后,以平权法案为主题的公民权利的发展过程;鲍勃·琼斯大学与美国政府之间的诉讼法案;校车和学校废除种族歧视;投票权立法;公平住房;马丁·路德·金纪念日;和1988年的民权恢复法案。
  • 罗斯福总统白宫办公室行政记录。罗斯福新政、应对危机、以及基于他从各级政府和公众收到的信息并经过消化分析后制定的未来计划。该办公室文件代表了对总统来讲特别重要的材料。
  • 第二次世界大战和冷战时期的3500份亚洲、欧洲、前苏联、拉美和非洲的保密报告,由战略服务办公室(OSS)和美国国务院书面委托,由当时的著名学者撰写。当时,这些报告对美国外交政策的形成起到了决策作用,并对1941年至1961年间美国研究世界各主要地区提供了极好的资源。

历史库新模块的推出给用户带来一个新的检索界面,为提高效率,新界面简化了文献查找过程,为研究人员节省了时间。新界面以用户的成功为宗旨,通过简便的浏览方式查看丰富的文档,发现相关内容,进行更深入的研究。

ProQuest专注于为研究人员提供各种不同来源的高品质权威文献 –是您高效与成功科研的催化剂ProQuest 历史报纸数据库国家安全解密档案、其它政府文献专辑– 美国国会材料行政部门的文件英国议会文件、英国国会上议院文件、英国海外政策文件,以及历史库新增模块一起为您的图书馆打造丰富完整的历史馆藏。ProQuest还提供了丰富的电子书和其他二手资料,包括消费和商业杂志、学术文章、以及博硕士论文等。

“图书馆员和学者都在寻找各种方法来激发机缘凑巧的新发现,并找到独特的视角来做出更好的研究成果,” ProQuest信息解决方案副总裁 Susan Bokern 表示。“ProQuest 通过对历史库和其他史料信息数字化,创建多样化的内容资源,满足研究者的需要,激发灵感,使图书馆成为一个令人兴奋的研究和学习环境。”

了解更多关于的ProQuest历史库的内容,请查看图书馆之产品手册

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ProQuest 最新推出數字館藏,為研究20世紀美國的學者帶來福音

Jane Jiang | 譯

history-vault-codie2015ProQuest 通過對寶貴的原始史料進行數位化來擴大歷史庫(History Vault)的內容,旨在説明研究人員對20世紀大事件、以及促使那些事件發生的人物的研究,以提高研究成果。三個新增模組提供對數位化原始文獻的訪問,包括20世紀黑人爭取自由的鬥爭(聯邦政府紀錄補充);新政和第二次世界大戰(佛蘭克林·羅斯福總統辦公室檔和聯邦機構記錄)來源於戰略服務辦公室的戰時重要情報工作(OSS-國務院情報和研究報告,1941年至1961年)。歷史庫是 ProQuest數位化擴展計畫的一部分,目的是為了説明學生和學者,以事實為依據,從多樣化的個人觀點去探索歷史

新模組的主要內容包括:

  • 福特和雷根總統任期內公民權利記錄,揭示1975年以後,以平權法案為主題的公民權利的發展過程;鮑勃·鐘斯大學與美國政府之間的訴訟法案;校車和學校廢除種族歧視;投票權立法;公平住房;馬丁·路德·金紀念日;和1988年的民權恢復法案。
  • 羅斯福總統白宮辦公室行政記錄。羅斯福新政、應對危機、以及基於他從各級政府和公眾收到的資訊並經過消化分析後制定的未來計畫。該辦公室文件代表了對總統來講特別重要的材料。
  • 第二次世界大戰和冷戰時期的3500份亞洲、歐洲、前蘇聯、拉美和非洲的保密報告,由戰略服務辦公室(OSS)和美國國務院書面委託,由當時的著名學者撰寫。當時,這些報告對美國外交政策的形成起到了決策作用,並對1941年至1961年間美國研究世界各主要地區提供了極好的資源。

歷史庫新模組的推出給使用者帶來一個新的檢索介面,為提高效率,新介面簡化了文獻查找過程,為研究人員節省了時間。新介面以使用者的成功為宗旨,通過簡便的流覽方式查看豐富的文檔,發現相關內容,進行更深入的研究。

ProQuest專注于為研究人員提供各種不同來源的高品質權威文獻 –是您高效與成功科研的催化劑ProQuest 歷史報紙資料庫國家安全解密檔案、其它政府文獻專輯– 美國國會材料行政部門的檔英國議會檔、英國國會上議院檔、英國海外政策檔,以及歷史庫新增模組一起為您的圖書館打造豐富完整的歷史館藏。ProQuest還提供了豐富的電子書和其他二手資料,包括消費和商業雜誌、學術文章、以及博碩士論文等。

“圖書館員和學者都在尋找各種方法來激發機緣湊巧的新發現,並找到獨特的視角來做出更好的研究成果,” ProQuest資訊解決方案副總裁 Susan Bokern 表示。“ProQuest 通過對歷史庫和其他史料資訊數位化,創建多樣化的內容資源,滿足研究者的需要,激發靈感,使圖書館成為一個令人興奮的研究和學習環境。”

瞭解更多關於的ProQuest歷史庫的內容,請查看圖書館之產品手冊

[ProQuest]NAACP數位化檔案資源被美國《圖書館雜誌》評為“最佳參考”資源

ProQuest公司卓越的美國全國有色人種協進會(NAACP)數位化檔檔案資源被《圖書館雜誌》評為“最佳參考資源”。

ljx140601webrefCherylProQuest與NAACP合作的數位化專案運行多年,於2014年完成。通過NAACP數位化檔檔案資源,研究人員和學生可以輕鬆地檢索、獲取和研究美國民權運動的最前沿的編年史史料資源。該子庫包含了近200萬份出自協會的全國性部門、法律部門和分支辦公室的內部檔的清晰掃描圖像,這些檔包括備忘錄、法律簡報、直接行動總結,NAACP檔涵蓋了NAACP長達60多年活動的記錄,其為世界上最重要的民權組織之一。

“無論是資源的數量上還是品質上都是驚人的。即使是那些手寫檔,圖像解析度都非常清晰。”哈佛大學圖書館員謝麗爾拉•瓜迪亞(Cheryl LaGuardia)在為《圖書館雜誌》寫的資源評論中如是說。她總結該資源為“對於為研究民權和人權、美國史、刑事司法、社會選擇與政治理論、軍事史以及社會學領域的學者提供服務的圖書館來說,NAACP Papers是一個必不可少的資源。一個極其重要的歷史資源。”

NAACP Papers是ProQuest® History Vault資料庫的一個子庫,首創了對歷史豐富原始來源進行數位化,提高了學者和學生的研究產出。ProQuest® History Vault資料庫同時還包含了20世紀美國黑人自由權鬥爭,其內容包含了來自南方基督教徒領導人會議、臥車搬運工兄弟會、種族平等協會、和學生非暴力協調委員會等方面的數位化檔案。 ProQuest研究資源同時還包括歷史上的黑人報紙(Historical Black Newspapers)——數位化的非裔美國人歷史報紙;黑人研究中心(Black Studies Center),原始的和間接來源的數位化核心收藏,記錄和闡明了從古代非洲直到現代的黑人經歷。

ProQuest與世界著名的研究機構合作,因其對他們的插畫作品和獨特的歷史文獻館藏進行數位化處理而聞名於世,使得研究者可線上檢索這些資源。覆蓋諸如牛津大學圖書館、亨廷頓圖書館和大英圖書館的檔案館藏,還創建了一個龐大的最早可回溯至18世紀中期的數位新聞檔案庫,包含《紐約時報》、《華爾街日報》、《衛報》等數十種著名報紙的回溯內容。我們的數位化過程以其清晰的圖像和對每一頁內容添加深度索引而享有盛譽,其檢索結果的精准性達到極顯著的水準,可以支持歷史學領域的學術研究。

閱讀《圖書館雜誌》有關NAACP文件的完整評論,請訪問:http://reviews.libraryjournal.com/2014/06/reference/ereviews/proquests-naacp-papers-history-vault-treehouse-reference-ereviews/

《圖書館雜誌》是適合所有類型圖書館的領先的行業出版物。其年度最佳參考專題由它的圖書館員評論者團隊從優秀作品中選出當年的頂級資源。每年提交參評的數千作品中只有極少數能夠獲選。

 

[ProQuest]NAACP数字化档案资源被美国《图书馆杂志》评为“最佳参考”资源

ProQuest公司卓越的美国全国有色人种协进会(NAACP)数字化文件档案资源被《图书馆杂志》评为“最佳参考资源”。

ljx140601webrefCherylProQuest与NAACP合作的数字化项目运行多年,于2014年完成。通过NAACP数字化文件档案资源,研究人员和学生可以轻松地检索、获取和研究美国民权运动的最前沿的编年史史料资源。该子库包含了近200万份出自协会的全国性部门、法律部门和分支办公室的内部文件的清晰扫描图像,这些文件包括备忘录、法律简报、直接行动总结,NAACP文件涵盖了NAACP长达60多年活动的记录,其为世界上最重要的民权组织之一。

“无论是资源的数量上还是质量上都是惊人的。即使是那些手写文件,图像分辨率都非常清晰。”哈佛大学图书馆员谢丽尔拉•瓜迪亚(Cheryl LaGuardia)在为《图书馆杂志》写的资源评论中如是说。她总结该资源为“对于为研究民权和人权、美国史、刑事司法、社会选择与政治理论、军事史以及社会学领域的学者提供服务的图书馆来说,NAACP Papers是一个必不可少的资源。一个极其重要的历史资源。”

NAACP Papers是ProQuest® History Vault数据库的一个子库,首创了对历史丰富原始来源进行数字化,提高了学者和学生的研究产出。ProQuest® History Vault数据库同时还包含了20世纪美国黑人自由权斗争,其内容包含了来自南方基督教徒领导人会议、卧车搬运工兄弟会、种族平等协会、和学生非暴力协调委员会等方面的数字化档案。 ProQuest研究资源同时还包括历史上的黑人报纸(Historical Black Newspapers)——数字化的非裔美国人历史报纸;黑人研究中心(Black Studies Center),原始的和间接来源的数字化核心收藏,记录和阐明了从古代非洲直到现代的黑人经历。

ProQuest与世界著名的研究机构合作,因其对他们的插画作品和独特的历史文献馆藏进行数字化处理而闻名于世,使得研究者可在线检索这些资源。覆盖诸如牛津大学图书馆、亨廷顿图书馆和大英图书馆的档案馆藏,还创建了一个庞大的最早可回溯至18世纪中期的数字新闻档案库,包含《纽约时报》、《华尔街日报》、《卫报》等数十种著名报纸的回溯内容。我们的数字化过程以其清晰的图像和对每一页内容添加深度索引而享有盛誉,其检索结果的精准性达到极显著的水平,可以支持历史学领域的学术研究。

阅读《图书馆杂志》有关NAACP文件的完整评论,请访问:http://reviews.libraryjournal.com/2014/06/reference/ereviews/proquests-naacp-papers-history-vault-treehouse-reference-ereviews/

《图书馆杂志》是适合所有类型图书馆的领先的行业出版物。其年度最佳参考专题由它的图书馆员评论者团队从优秀作品中选出当年的顶级资源。每年提交参评的数千作品中只有极少数能够获选。

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Erityisen historiallisen ja poliittisen sisällön tarjoaminen tutkijoille

ProQuest tietää, että monet historian alan tutkijat luottavat kattavaan, digitaaliseen historialliseen sisältöön. Riippumatta siitä, oletko erikoistunut varhaiseen modernismiin, 1900-lukuun tai muihin aikakausiin, tuomme käyttöösi asiantuntevasti digitoidut, värillisinä skannatut tutkielmat ja väitöskirjat (maailman laajimman kokoelman), kolmen vuosisadan sanomalehdet, harvinaisten eurooppalaisten kirjojen kokoelmat sekä erikoisarkistot milloin ja missä tahansa. Tarjoamme myös työkaluja, jotka auttavat lähteiden järjestämisessä, lähdeluettelojen ja sitaattien tuottamisessa sekä tutkimusten jakamisessa kollegoiden kanssa.

Digital National Security Archive (DNSA) käsittää valtavan määrän tärkeitä ei-salaisia yhdysvaltalaisia asiakirjoja, ja nämä ensisijaiset lähdemateriaalit edistävät 1900- ja 2000-lukujen historian, politiikan ja kansainvälisten suhteiden tutkimusta.
ProQuest ja National Security Archive (NSA) pyrkivät yhteistyössä säilyttämään näitä tärkeitä materiaaleja ja laajentamaan niiden käyttömahdollisuutta, ja ProQuest on luonut sitä varten virallisten yhdysvaltalaisten asiakirjojen kattavan, kuratoidun kokoelman. Se käsittää yli 650.000 sivua, joista NSA on kerännyt suuren osan käyttämällä hyväksi Yhdysvaltojen tiedonsaannin vapautta koskevaa lakia (U.S. Freedom of Information Act).
Erikoiskokoelmia ovat kylmä sota, ihmisoikeudet ja tiedustelu.

ProQuest History Vault otettiin käyttöön vuonna 2011, ja se kasvaa jatkuvasti. Nyt siinä on useita arkistokokoelmia, jotka kertovat 1700–1900-lukujen Amerikan historian tärkeimmistä ja eniten tutkituista aiheista. Nämä moduulit ovat osa pitkäaikaista suunnitelmaa kerätä ja rakentaa runsasta ja vaihtelevaa sisältöä käsittäviä moduuleja, jotka muodostavat kattavan valikoiman arkistomateriaaleja. Ne täydentävät kurssitöitä useilla eri alueilla, mukaan lukien Afrikan–Amerikan opinnot, naisten elämää koskevat opinnot, historia, poliittinen tiede, sotilas- ja diplomaattinen historia, maahanmuutto ym. Laitokset voivat rakentaa kokoelmansa aikaa myöten niin, että ne antavat verrattoman tutkimusmahdollisuuden opiskelijoille ja tiedekunnan jäsenille, jotka eivät muuten pystyisi käyttämään näitä monissa eri arkistoissa ja paikoissa sijaitsevia materiaaleja.
Vuoden loppuun mennessä käytettävissä on 21 History Vault -moduulia. Niistä seuraavat kaksi koskevat tapahtumia, joilla oli suuri vaikutus maailmanpolitiikkaan 1900-luvun loppupuolella: Amerikan politiikka ja yhteiskunta JFK:sta Watergateen, Vietnamin sota ja Amerikan ulkopolitiikka, 1960–75. Syksyllä lisätään seuraava moduuli: Yhdysvaltojen diplomaattisten virkojen tiedot, 1914–1945.

ProQuest Flow™ voi antaa kirjastollesi yksityiskohtaista tietoa edellä mainittujen kaltaisten tietokantojen käytöstä sekä siitä, mitä sisältöä ladataan ja mitä siitä itse asiassa käytetään tulevassa tutkimustyössä. Ymmärrys siitä, mitkä tutkimusmateriaalit ovat kaikkein arvokkaimpia, voi auttaa kirjastosi vaikutuksen tehostamista. Lue lisää Flow-sovelluksesta tästä.

HUMANITIES MATTER! Real Knowledge for Inspiring Change

“Inspiring Change” is the 2014 theme for International Women’s Day on March 8.

The humanities teach us where we’ve been through insights gained from history. ProQuest primary sources provide access to profoundly personal documents that promote a deeper understanding and help to develop critical thinking.

Throughout the 20th Century, one organization that played a key role in “inspiring change” and accomplishing change was the National Woman’s Party (NWP). Founded in 1913 by Alice Paul, one of the trademarks of the NWP was its militant approach. During the women’s suffrage campaign from 1913 to 1920, the NWP picketed in front of the White House, held rallies and parades, and campaigned against politicians who did not support voting rights for women.

After winning the right to vote with the ratification of the nineteenth amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1920, the NWP embarked on a new campaign for equal rights for women. In 1923, Senator Charles Curtis of Kansas and Representative Daniel Anthony, also of Kansas, introduced in the U.S. Congress an Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) that was drafted by NWP leader Alice Paul. The NWP worked for the ratification of the ERA for over 50 years.

While the campaign for the ERA was the NWP’s top priority after 1920, it also worked for other legislation to expand the rights of women. Major NWP campaigns after 1920 pertained to equal nationality laws and employment laws. In the area of nationality laws, the NWP’s first nationality law triumph was the passage of the Cable Act of 1922 and its greatest victory came in 1934 with the signing of the Equal Nationality Treaty. In employment law, the NWP played a role in the passage of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 and in 1964 NWP leaders Alice Paul and Caruthers Berger campaigned successfully for the inclusion of Title VII within the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Title VII prohibited discrimination on the basis of sex.

For researchers interested in the work of the National Woman’s Party, ProQuest offers several essential resources.

  • ProQuest History Vault: Struggle for Women’s Rights module contains the National Woman’s Party Papers. The National Woman’s Party Papers consist of extensive correspondence to and from NWP officials regarding the suffrage campaign, the ERA campaign, and other NWP initiatives; minutes of NWP meetings; photographs of NWP leaders and activities; speeches given at special events; membership and officer lists; committee reports; pledge cards of congressional supporters for the ERA; and reports from government agencies that were collected by the NWP.

womens history_1

  • The Gerritsen Collection of Aletta H. Jacobs consists of over two million pages covering more than four centuries of women’s history. Among the over 200 periodical titles, The Gerritsen Collection has two of the periodicals published by the National Woman’s Party: The Suffragist and Equal Rights.

suffragist

Throughout March, we’re celebrating Women’s History Month, and we invite you to explore how women have inspired change with free trials to History Vault’s Women’s Rights Collection (consisting of Struggle for Women’s Rights, 1880–1990: Organizational Records and Women’s Studies Manuscript Collections from the Schlesinger Library) and The Gerritsen Collection of Aletta H. Jacobs.

We also invite you to explore these databases that offer other perspectives on how women have inspired change:

  • GenderWatch™
  • Women’s Wear Daily Archive
  • The Vogue Archive
  • Queen Victoria’s Journals
  • ProQuest Historical Newspapers

With real knowledge of the past, we can influence history moving forward. Gain access to the primary sources available in ProQuest’s humanities collections through a free trial today!

Humanities Matter!

Celebrating Milestones: “Mother of The Century” Proclaimed 60 Years Ago

In 1954, Mary McLeod Bethune, then 79 years old, was proclaimed “Mother of The Century” when she received the Dorie Miller Gold Cup award from the Dorie Miller Memorial Foundation.

In awarding this honor to Bethune, the Dorie Miller Memorial Foundation recognized Bethune’s founding of Bethune-Cookman College, and her leadership in fighting for equality for Black Americans. In this regard, the Miller Foundation particularly stressed Bethune’s founding and leadership of the National Council of Negro Women, but they might equally have mentioned Bethune’s leadership of the National Association of Colored Women, her years of government service on the National Youth Administration and the Federal Council on Negro Affairs, and her representation at the San Francisco Conference for the United Nations.

dorie miller award

The Dorie Miller Foundation was not the only group to recognize Bethune’s extraordinary career. In the 1930s and 1940s, Bethune received a number of awards, including the Ida M. Tarbell Recognition (as one out of fifty distinguished women of America) in 1931, the Spingarn Medal by the NAACP in 1935, The Frances Drexel Award in 1941, The Thomas Jefferson Award in 1942, and the Haitian Medal of Honor in 1949.

For researchers interested in the extraordinary life of Mary McLeod Bethune, ProQuest offers several excellent sources of information. First in the list are the Mary McLeod Bethune Papers in ProQuest History Vault Black Freedom in the 20th Century: Organizational Records and Personal Papers.

The Mary McLeod Bethune Papers consist of the Bethune-Cookman Collection and the four-part Bethune Foundation Collection. The Bethune-Cookman Collection documents Bethune’s career as president of Bethune-Cookman College (B-CC). Bethune founded what became B-CC 110 years ago as an elementary school. She started the Daytona Educational and Industrial Training School for Negro Girls on October 3, 1904, in a rented house in Daytona, Florida, “with five little girls, a dollar and a half, and faith in God.”

The Bethune Foundation Collection of the Mary McLeod Bethune Papers consists of biographical material about Bethune, her correspondence, writings and speeches, scrapbooks and diaries, and her files from her years of service with the National Youth Administration and National Association of Colored Women. The biographical items in the collection detail Bethune’s childhood, her family, early education, early career as a teacher, her mission work in Florida, and the founding of the Daytona Educational and Industrial Institute. The speeches and writings series includes several significant statements, such as Bethune’s reaction to the landmark Supreme Court ruling in Brown v. Board of Education, and a speech entitled “Negro Women Facing Tomorrow” that she gave at the 1941 Convention of the National Association of Colored Women (the first page of this speech is shown on the right). speech page

In addition, The Bethune Foundation collection contains supplementary information about the administration of Bethune-Cookman College. While the Mary McLeod Bethune Papers are primarily text records, the Bethune Foundation collection does include a very interesting series of photographs of Bethune and of Daytona Educational and Industrial Institute and Bethune-Cookman College (below).

001392_021_0201_daytona students

In addition to the Mary McLeod Bethune Papers, three other collections in ProQuest History Vault document Mary McLeod Bethune’s career. Bethune’s office files during her tenure as director of the Division of Negro Affairs of the National Youth Administration are contained in New Deal Agencies and Black America. This collection is part of the Black Freedom Struggle in the 20th Century: Federal Government Records module. Bethune’s role as president of the National Association of Colored Women’s Clubs is covered in Records of the National Association of Colored Women’s Clubs (NACWC). Like the Mary McLeod Bethune Papers, the NACWC collection is part of the Black Freedom Struggle in the 20th Century: Organizational Records and Personal Papers module. The NAACP Papers collection in ProQuest History Vault covers Bethune’s membership on the NAACP Board of Directors and her role as a delegate to the United Nations founding convention in 1945.

Beyond ProQuest History Vault, another perspective on Bethune’s life is available in the Black Newspapers available in ProQuest’s Black Studies Center. Most notably, Black Studies Center includes Bethune’s columns that ran in the Pittsburgh Courier from March 1937-November 1938 and her columns that were printed in the Chicago Defender from 1948-1955.

Learn more about History Vault and Black Studies Center and see our Black History Milestones TimelineLibrarians, sign up for a free trial of History Vault, Black Studies Center, and other complementary digitized resources with content that isn’t available anywhere else.

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Modules to be added in 2014 include:

• Final NAACP Collections:

– Special Subjects includes early complaints on civil rights, important conferences where strategies for black advancement were discussed, race relations in America during the 1940s and 1950s, NAACP relations with African colonial liberation movements, and more.

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Celebrating Milestones: The NAACP’s Fight for Equal Rights, Part 2 of 2

“The NAACP has taken the leadership in forging the law into an instrument of social precision… You have developed a sharp and polished tool. This tool is showing the world how to accomplish a legal revolution without bloodshed.”

This praise for the NAACP was made by James B. Carey of the Congress of Industrial Organizations when the NAACP convened in 1954 in Dallas, Texas, for its 55th national convention. At that meeting, the NAACP was just one month removed from its landmark victory in the Brown v. Board of Education school desegregation case. Not surprisingly, much of the convention was devoted to celebrating the Brown victory.

As we saw in Part 1 of this post, the NAACP annual conventions served many important purposes for the NAACP. Two of the most important functions were setting policy for the NAACP and attracting publicity for the organization. One aspect of the conventions that accomplished both of these purposes was the speeches by major NAACP leaders and other prominent figures. Speakers at the conventions typically addressed the most pressing issues facing the NAACP and the country.

In 1919, on the tenth anniversary of the NAACP, W. E. B. DuBois, a founding member of the NAACP and the editor of The Crisis, spoke about the importance of voting rights. Du Bois felt the right to vote would have an impact on education, another important concern of the NAACP. Du Bois told the 1919 convention participants: “The world wants the ballot because it wants certain things and we American Negroes are determined to have the ballot particularly for one great thing, and that is for the education of our children.” [ProQuest History Vault, NAACP Papers, Accession ID# 001412-008-0447]

In 1942, the NAACP met in Los Angeles, California. The featured speakers were Roy Wilkins, Malcolm S. MacLean, E. Frederic Morrow, Walter White, Norman Houston, Daisy E. Lampkin, Lal Singh, George A. Beavers Jr., and Culbert L. Olson. A major theme of the 1942 speeches was the world war as well as the defense effort in the United States. Malcolm S. MacLean, for example, spoke about the Fair Employment Practices Committee, while E. Frederic Morrow and NAACP Executive Secretary Walter White talked about fighting for democracy both at home and overseas. In his closing remarks, White spoke of the NAACP’s determination “to make this a better world not for Negroes alone but for all human beings.” [ProQuest History Vault, NAACP Papers, Accession ID#001412-011-0132]

When the NAACP gathered for its national convention in 1964, the NAACP and all civil rights advocates were on the cusp of a major victory—the passage of civil rights legislation that would prohibit discrimination in public accommodations and public facilities, in employment, and in public education. Not surprisingly, most of the 1964 convention speeches focused on the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which President Lyndon B. Johnson would sign into law on July 2, 1964. Among the speakers at the 1964 convention was Minnesota Senator Hubert H. Humphrey. Here is an excerpt from Humphrey’s remarks:

humphrey

Following the urban riots of 1967 and the widespread rioting that occurred after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. on April 4, 1968, the 1968 NAACP convention in Atlantic City focused on the theme of extending NAACP programs to urban ghettos and developing political and economic power in these areas. At the opening session of the convention, NAACP board chairman Stephen Gill Spottswood used his keynote address to reaffirm the NAACP’s traditional commitments and to argue that the NAACP continued to be relevant to the hopes and aspirations of the majority of African Americans. Spottswood declared:

the plight of the ghetto

He continued: “We are for the strengthening of the ghetto but not for the development of the ghetto-state…We speak for the vast, though little publicized, majority of Negro Americans… Inclusion is their goal, not exclusion.” Other speakers at the 1968 convention offered their perspectives on the “urban crisis.” Vivian Henderson, president of Clark College in Atlanta, Georgia, centered her remarks on the importance of employment, arguing that employment was the best way to positively impact the lives of the residents of America’s central cities. Julian Bond, a former Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee leader and in 1968 a member of the Georgia House of Representatives, stressed the need for unity among African Americans and the importance of political power.

These examples from the speeches at the NAACP conventions give just a taste of the riches that await researchers in the NAACP Papers.

See our Black history milestones timeline. Librarians: sign up for free trials of the NAACP Papers and an array of complementary digitized resources with content that isn’t available anywhere else.

Celebrating Milestones: The NAACP’s Fight for Equal Rights, Part 1 of 2

75 years ago, in 1939, the NAACP gathered for its 30th annual convention in Richmond, Virginia.

At that meeting, the assembled delegates declared “we extend our sympathies to all other minority groups who at this time are being violated physically, or losing their civil rights because of their race, color, or creed; we condemn especially the treatment of the Jews under Fascism and Nazism.” This resolution, as well as the other resolutions passed during the 1939 convention on lynching, discrimination in the armed forces, education, housing, and employment, were fully consistent with the vision that the NAACP had worked for since its founding.

The vision of the National Association for the Advancement of Color People, NAACP, formed in 1909, is to ensure a society in which all individuals have equal rights without discrimination based on race.

Of the many great sets of documents in the NAACP Papers collection in ProQuest History Vault, the records of the NAACP annual conventions are particularly interesting and offer many excellent research opportunities.

NAACP annual conventions served a number of important functions. First, the NAACP used the annual convention to set the policy and legislative agenda of the association for the year. This function was carried out primarily through the passing of resolutions. This makes the resolutions an important source for understanding NAACP policy. Speeches by major NAACP leaders and other prominent figures played a role in setting NAACP policy. The speeches also proved to be a very good way to attract publicity for the association, and attracting publicity was a second major purpose of the conventions. Special events, such as testimonial banquets, protests, or commemorative gatherings were sometimes scheduled during conventions and helped attract additional publicity for the NAACP.

Another important function of the convention was to afford regular personal contact between the national office and the NAACP branches. Several sessions of every convention were devoted to “workshops” in which national officers instructed delegates in such things as fund raising, local branch administration, and initiating civil rights litigation at the local level. The printing of the conference program was another good way for the national NAACP to interact with the local community. The NAACP often placed pictures of its national leaders and descriptions of NAACP activity in the conference program. The two images below are from the 1944 conference program:

naacp 1944 convention program

The NAACP Papers collection in ProQuest History Vault includes coverage of NAACP conventions between 1910 and 1970. One interesting project for researchers could be to compare the resolutions over time. In 1910, at its first major meeting after forming in 1909 as the National Negro Committee, the name National Association for the Advancement of Colored People was adopted, with a goal to secure “equal rights and opportunities for all.” The new National Association “is to be composed of a National Committee of 100, with an Executive Committee of 30 members, 15 resident in New York and 15 resident elsewhere; with an auxiliary membership … [of dues paying members].” Those assembled also decided that the headquarters of the NAACP would be in New York City and they decided on the leadership positions for the organization.

In 1914, as the NAACP celebrated its fifth anniversary, it passed resolutions on the “Negro press” and education. The resolution on the “Negro press” was particularly sharply worded:

sharply worded

Twenty years later, the NAACP celebrated its 25th anniversary amidst the economic crisis of the Great Depression. The resolutions passed at the 1934 annual convention reflected these difficult economic conditions. Here is the introductory portion of the 1934 resolutions:

an address to the country

Following these introductory remarks, the NAACP passed specific resolutions on mob violence, the National Recovery Administration, the federal farm program, household employees and domestic workers, segregation, the Scottsboro cases, voting rights, and support for “oppressed peoples” around the world.

Thirteen years later, in 1947, the NAACP passed a key resolution on school desegregation that led eventually to the association’s landmark victory in the Brown v. Board of Education case. In one of the 1947 resolutions, the NAACP declared its opposition to “dual school systems” and its intention to pursue desegregation of schools. [For more on the NAACP and the Brown v. Board of Education case, see our February 11 blog entry.]

At the 1968 convention, the NAACP passed resolutions on a wide variety of important issues. These included the Poor People’s Campaign, implementation of the 1968 civil rights law, the Kerner Commission report on riots, draft laws, consumer protection, public welfare and poverty programs, school desegregation and school busing, the Vietnam War, discrimination in housing, and participation in the 1968 Olympics.

The examples presented here are just a few of the very interesting resolutions passed at NAACP conventions and reflect the evolution of the NAACP as an organization between 1910 and 1970.

Learn more about the History Vault NAACP Papers and see our Black history milestones timeline. Librarians, sign up for a free trial of History Vault and other complementary digitized resources with content that isn’t available anywhere else.

And, for more information on NAACP Annual Conventions, please look for Part 2 of this post, focusing on convention speeches.