Posts Tagged ‘historical newspapers’

¡Haga la descarga de nuestro nuevo catálogo de productos y servicios!

Nuestro nuevo catálogo Novedades ProQuest 2015, en español, acaba de salir con noticias actualizadas sobre varios de nuestros productos y servicios.

El catálogo se divide en 4 partes: Gestión de Recursos de Información que ofrece recursos para que apoyen la toma de decisiones y acciones estratégicas dentro de la institución; Busque y Descubra, con servicios diseñados para ayudar a mejorar el descubrimiento de todos los recursos puestos a disposición por la biblioteca; El Acceda y Trabaje con el Contenido, donde se presentan las colecciones temáticas de Tecnología, Ciencias Naturales y Medicina y Salud que forman parte de la plataforma ProQuest; Contenido recientemente lanzado o actualizado en Humanidades, especialmente relacionados con la Historia y Relaciones Internacionales con un panorama completo sobre la historia del siglo. XX; Los datos estadísticos que trabajan dentro del contexto global de los países, y ¡mucho más! La última sección es Comparta y Colabore, presentando una herramienta diseñada para facilitar la labor de su comunidad de investigadores.

Haga clic aquí ahora mismo para estar al tanto de todo el amplio portafolio de ProQuest.

Faça o download de nosso novo catálogo de produtos e serviços!

Acaba de sair o nosso novo catálogo Novidades da ProQuest 2015, em português, com notícias atualizadas sobre vários de nossos produtos e serviços.
O catálogo é dividido em 4 partes: Gestão de Recursos de Informação apresentando recursos para que você dê suporte a tomada de decisões e ações estratégicas dentro da Instituição; Busca e Descoberta, com serviços desenhados com o objetivo de auxiliá-lo a melhorar a descoberta de todos os recursos disponibilizados pela sua biblioteca; Acesso e Trabalho com Conteúdo, onde apresentamos as coleções temáticas de Tecnologia, Ciências Naturais e Medicina e Saúde que fazem parte da Plataforma ProQuest; conteúdo recentemente lançado ou atualizado em Ciências Humanas, especialmente relacionados a História e Relações Internacionais com um quadro completo sobre a história do séc. XX; Dados estatísticos para o trabalho dentro do contexto global dos países, e muito mais! A última seção refere-se ao Compartilhamento e Cooperação, apresentando uma ferramente desenvolvida para facilitar o trabalho da sua comunidade de pesquisa.

Faça o download agora mesmo e mantenha-se atualizado! Descubra um pouco mais sobre o amplo portfólio da ProQuest.

Yenilikler: Yazıyor! Yazıyor! ProQuest Newsstand’e Harika Eklemeler

newspaper

ProQuest Newsstand’in araştırma değeri, araca yapılan sürekli güncellemelerle daha da derinleşiyor. Kullanıcılar geçtiğimiz 18 ay boyunca eklenen 100’den fazla başlığın daha içeriğini araştırmaya erişim kazandı. Bunlar arasında Orta Doğu ve Latin Amerika’nın önemli gazeteleri yer alıyor.

ProQuest Newsstand aboneliğine yeni eklenenler:

Bloglar ve The Washington Post’un blogu gibi çevrim içi içerikler, geleneksel haberlerin ötesindeki fikirler için güncel araştırma malzemeleri sağlıyor.

Çekçe, Fransızca, İspanyolca ve Portekizce dillerindeki CTK Czech-Language News Service, Al – Ahram Hebdo, Perú Económic ve Semana Económica gibi gazeteler dahil, daha fazla İngilizce dışı içerik yöresel çalışmalar için ideal.

Başlıca uluslararası başlıklar, araştırma ilgi kapsamını Orta Doğu ve Çin gibi alanlara genişleten materyal ekliyor. Aralarında Kuwait Times, Gulf Times, Beijing Review ve China Daily de bulunan başlıklar, bölgede karşılaştırmalı vaka çalışmalarına ve raporlamaya olanak tanıyor.

Daha fazla bilgi alın:

ProQuest Historical Newspapers broşürünü indirin.

ProQuest Newsstand’deki başlık listelerine göz atın.

ProQuest Historical Newspapers’ta yer alan çeşitler hakkında daha fazla bilgi alın.

ProQuest Newsstand’i satın alma veya yenileme hakkında bir satışçıyla iletişime geçin.

The history behind favorite Chinese New Year foods

This blog post derives its facts from the following ProQuest source:
Miezianko, V. (2012, Jan). The little-known history behind your favorite chinese new year foods. Northwest Asian Weekly. 

chinese new year

CHINESE NEW YEAR. (1919, Feb 01). The Shanghai Times (1914-1921).

It is now the Year of the Horse!

With the Lunar New Year happening, Asians around the world prepare a variety of sumptuous festive foods… Food is an essential part of the tapestry of symbols and traditions that weave a New Year celebration. The Chinese, in particular, believe that one can bring joy and prosperity into one’s life by observing propitious practices based on custom and folklore. Let’s take a look at what is behind some of the foods.

NIANGAO (CHINESE NEW YEAR CAKE)

[Many] different types of New Year cakes, or niangao, are prepared in anticipation of the Lunar New Year.

In his book, Chinese New Year: Fact & Folklore, William C. Hu writes that originally, gao, or pudding cakes, were “eaten not on New Year’s, but rather on the ninth day of the ninth lunar month,” called the chongyang, when there was a custom called denggao. The origin of denggao traces back to the Han dynasty (206 BC-220 AD). The word deng means “to mount,” whereas the word gao means “height or higher up.” The term implies “promotion” and is “a homonym for the word meaning pudding cake.” Hence eating pudding cakes is “symbolic of attaining success in one’s career.”

JIAOZI (DUMPLINGS)

In northern China, it is common for family members to get together to make boiled dumplings, or jiaozi, on New Year’s Eve.

Hu writes about a popular folk tale regarding jiaozi. It was originally eaten on the winter solstice rather than New Year’s. During the Han dynasty, a renowned doctor named Zhang Zhongjing returned one winter to his hometown, Nanyang, in today’s Henan province. “The weather was extremely severe” at that time, and Zhang was concerned that the harsh condition was “detrimental to the weak, old, and especially the poor people.”

When the winter solstice came, he erected a tent in the town and inside prepared an herbal broth by boiling lamb, peppers, and other warming vegetables. After removing the lamb and herbs from the broth, he chopped and minced them and wrapped them “in a dough wrapping.” He then served the broth and dumplings to the public, and “the poor were able to avert the cold and keep in good health.” Zhang performed this public service annually for some 30 years, and in his honor, people have carried on this tradition of having dumplings on winter solstice.

FAT CHOY AND OYSTERS

Black moss, also known as hair moss, is a dried fungus “harvested in the deserts of Central Asia”. Its inclusion in a New Year’s Day vegetable medley dish or a New Year’s Eve dinner is because the name of the fungus in Cantonese, fat choy, is “a homophone for ‘get rich.’ ”

FISH

Fish, specifically a fish served whole with its head and tail intact, plays a part in the Lunar New Year celebration. Serving a fish at the end of the New Year’s Eve dinner symbolizes “a wish for abundance in the coming year.”

ORANGES AND TANGERINES

It is common for Chinese families and businesses to decorate their homes, stores, and offices with pots of tangerines during the Lunar New Year. The words for tangerines and oranges “sound like luck and wealth, respectively.”

CHICKEN

In Chinese families, a chicken is served boiled or steamed with the head and feet during the Lunar New Year. Often, the family makes a symbolic offering of the chicken to ancestors because “showing respect for the past and enthusiasm for the future” is important during the New Year.

For more information on China, take a look at our Historical Newspapers: Chinese Newspapers Collection and the The South China Morning Post, available soon.

Martin Luther King, Jr., and FBI Files on the 1964 St. Augustine Demonstrations

2014 marks the 50th anniversary of several pivotal events in the 20th century civil rights struggle, including the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision in the Griffin v. Prince Edward County school desegregation case, Mississippi Freedom Summer, and the New York World’s Fair.

On this Martin Luther King Jr. Day, we look back on a civil rights battleground that was also important in the career of Martin Luther King Jr.: St. Augustine, Florida.

In 1964, St. Augustine, Florida, was poised to celebrate the 400th anniversary of its founding. With the anniversary celebrations looming, in May 1963, St. Augustine’s NAACP branch wrote a letter to President John F. Kennedy asking him to withhold $350,000 in federal funds from the city’s anniversary celebration because of widespread segregation in the city.

withhold money St Augustine

One month after appealing to President Kennedy, the St. Augustine NAACP branch began to lead demonstrations and sit-ins against segregation in St. Augustine. From July through September 1963, civil rights protesters staged demonstrations that were often met by violence. During a rally on Labor Day 1963, for example, NAACP leaders and their supporters were beaten by St. Augustine police.

St. Augustine was relatively quiet during the winter of 1963-1964, but demonstrations resumed in the spring of 1964. On March 31, 1964, civil rights demonstrators marched on the Ponce de Leon Motor Lodge. Police arrested many of the demonstrators, included Mrs. Malcolm Peabody, the mother of the governor of Massachusetts. On May 18, 1964, Martin Luther King Jr. made his first visit to St. Augustine. Eight days later, on May 26, about 300 black marchers held a demonstration at the historic slave market in St. Augustine.

The next day, another group, “mostly of high school boys and girls,” marched toward the downtown area of St. Augustine. While they were en route, St. Augustine police warned the marchers that a group of whites was occupying the historic slave market site. The marchers walked past the market but did not stop, and then returned home. The next day, civil rights forces took the same route. This time, a group of 250 hostile whites confronted civil rights marchers. The whites attacked the newsmen who were covering the demonstrations.

 

market St Augustine

That night, someone fired rifle shots through the cottage where Martin Luther King was staying.

The demonstrations continued and tensions continued to escalate between blacks and whites in St. Augustine in June 1964. On June 11, Martin Luther King Jr. and nine of his colleagues were arrested and jailed for refusing to leave the segregated Monson Motor Lodge.

June 11 events St Augustine

The next two weeks witnessed additional demonstrations and more arrests. Finally, on June 30, 1964, businessmen in St. Augustine agreed to abide by the Civil Rights Act of 1964. In July, with the Civil Rights Act of 1964 signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson, white businessmen began to desegregate their establishments in conformity with the new law.

This timeline of events and the document images above are extracted from ProQuest History Vault. Documentation on events in St. Augustine in ProQuest History Vault comes from multiple collections, but the most notable is a collection of FBI files on “Centers of the Southern Struggle.” FBI agents assigned to St. Augustine reported on events there with an investigative independence and energy that was unusual, providing FBI headquarters in Washington (and now researchers!) with virtually day-by-day accounts of the events in St. Augustine. These files are supplemented by documents on St. Augustine in History Vault Collections: NAACP Papers, the Claude A. Barnett Papers, and in the Civil Rights during the Kennedy Administration.

In addition to History Vault, newspaper coverage of events in St. Augustine in 1963-1964 is available in ProQuest Historical Newspapers(TM) – Black Newspapers.

Librarians: Sign up for a free trial, and see our Black History Timeline.

African Americans in the U.S. Military: From Tuskegee Airmen to Civil Rights

From the American Revolution to the present, African Americans have played an important role in the American armed forces. An excellent essay by Chad Williams in ProQuest’s Black Studies Center recounts the contribution of African Americans to the American military.

In the process of describing the military service of African Americans, Williams also points out how this service impacted the civil rights struggle, particularly in the 20th century. 2014 marks the 50th anniversary of the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, one of the most significant triumphs for the civil rights movement.

2014 also marks the 70th anniversary of many important World War II battles. In recognition of these two anniversaries, we are looking back at how service in the nation’s military during World War II impacted the Black Freedom Struggle.

During World War II, approximately one million African Americans served in the U.S. armed forces in segregated units. The Tuskegee Airmen became one of the most famous groups of African American servicemen in World War II. During the course of the war, the Tuskegee Airmen compiled an amazing combat record, flying more than 10,000 combat missions, and shooting down 111 enemy aircraft.

The HistoryMakers, available as a standalone database and as a module of Black Studies Center, includes the life story, in video, of former Tuskegee Airman John Rogers, Sr. The two-hour interview covers Rogers’s childhood and education, his enlistment and training as a Tuskegee Airman, and his further work in the Air Force, flying more than 100 combat missions, as well as his later career as a juvenile court judge in Illinois for 21 years.

ProQuest History Vault includes original archival records on the Tuskegee Airmen from the National Archives. Below is an example of one of the “narrative mission reports” from the Tuskegee Airmen. This report describes a combat mission from June 1944, when Tuskegee Airmen sank a German destroyer in the harbor of Trieste, Italy.

The report reads: “Unable to find troops on road as briefed, a strafing sweep was made of the eastern shoreline and harbor of Gulf of Venezia–Gulf of Trieste, secondary target as briefed, with the following results: 1 destroyer bearing German Cross on smokestacks was attacked by 8 P-47’s at deck level. The destroyer was seen to first smoke, then explode and sink off at Pirano at 45 degrees 31 min” (from ProQuest History Vault, Records of the Tuskegee Airmen, Accession ID 100544-003-0001)

100544_003_0001_tuskegee

The Tuskegee Airmen records in History Vault also include reports and correspondence regarding the segregated conditions faced by African American soldiers at military bases inside the United States. At the Carlsbad Army Air Field in Carlsbad, New Mexico, for example, African American soldiers complained that they were forced to sit in a segregated section of the base’s movie theater, not served food in the post exchange, and required to occupy the rear seats on a bus that transported them out of the base. In 1944 in Camp Hood, Texas, Jackie Robinson, who three years later would break the color barrier in Major League Baseball, was arrested after he did not move from his seat on a bus.

The first and fourth page of Robinson’s letter regarding this incident are shown here: (from NAACP Papers, ProQuest History Vault, Accession ID 001537-022-0310)

JackieR_letterp1JackieR_letterp2

 

In response to incidents like these, civil rights organizations mounted a determined campaign against racial discrimination, with a particular focus on the defense effort. The NAACP and the Black press were key players in efforts to fight discrimination on the home front and within the U.S. armed forces.

In 1942, the Pittsburgh Courier called for a campaign that they labeled the “Double V” for victory against fascism abroad and racial discrimination at home. A search on “Double V campaign” or “Double V” in the Pittsburgh Courier leads to thousands of results, while the other newspapers in ProQuest Historical Black Newspapers include other extensive coverage of World War II events.

In addition, the NAACP Papers collection in ProQuest History Vault includes the NAACP records for 1941-1945, which covered the NAACP’s efforts to fight discrimination in the military as well as in defense industries.

These are just a few examples of the many ProQuest resources that can be used to study the fight for civil rights, in the armed forces and on the home front, during World War II. To learn more about ProQuest History Vault, ProQuest Black Studies Center, and ProQuest Historical Newspapers, visit our Black History collections website.